Define the concept of attention process
Many of us wonder how attention affects us in different situations. Can an individual talk on a cell phone and drive at the same time and have complete attention to the road? This is something that many of us might ask ourselves because many of us do it. Attention is limited capacity processes devoted to the monitoring of internal and external events. The processes that allow us to perform these dynamic cognitive operations on the information that is held consciousness comprise what is referred to as working memory (Robinson-Riegler p120, 2008). Robinson-Riegler (2008), states that attention is limited, and that an individual cannot possibly process everything that is seen or heard. If we stop and think about it has there ever been a time where we remember everything that we have heard or seen. It is hard enough to focus on what is being done, so if we are looking at our surroundings and not paying attention to what is being done, than we will probably not do a good job at what we are doing. It is also known that attention is considered to be flexible in a way that individuals can change from initial modes of attention (processing only the physical characteristics of incoming stimuli) to late modes (processing the meaning of incoming stimuli) (Robinson-Riegler p6 2008). Every individual has the control of how their incoming information processed in a way that they can decide the information they want processed. There are two types of attention divided attention and selective attention. In divided attention, Robinson-Rielger (2008) describe it as tasks that consist of the processing of multiple inputs, where selective attention involves choosing one input to process at the expense of others. The main idea of divided attention is for an individual to be able to juggle dual tasks at the same time. An example would be parents who are constantly doing more than one thing at a time, whether it is cooking, changing diapers, or even picking up after their children. In selective attention it is referred to as keeping an individual from being distracted and having them focus. For example there is a student who is trying to study in the library but cannot seem to focus due to the copier going off and people talking. The student knows the studying has to get done, so therefore finds way to block out all the noise. Attention is very important for everyone to understand; once an individual has a better understanding of how they handle their attention span it will be easier for them to function in their everyday lives.
Generally speaking, attention refers to course of being done, bodily and psychologically, used to focus on stimuli or incoming information. (Riegler & Riegler, 2008).